Situated in the Albufera Nature Park on the shores of the Mediterranean, not far from Valencia lies El Saler, or Campo de Golf El Saler to be precise. Javier Arana designed El Saler and it opened for play in 1968 to a rapturous standing ovation. In fact, shortly after the course opened, it was acclaimed the No.1 layout in Continental Europe.
Arana built only ten Spanish courses in a design career spanning thirty years, from 1946 to 1975. El Saler, the ninth course that he constructed in a very high-class portfolio, is widely regarded as his crowning glory.
The course is routed across extremely varied terrain with some holes flanked by umbrella pines and others by towering sand dunes with the aquamarine Gulf of Valencia never far away. It’s a very long and challenging course – somewhat links-like in places – and it measures 6,355 metres from the tips.
Actually, the two-time Masters champion returned to El Saler five years later to claim his second Spanish Open title, holding off a strong challenge from Spain’s José Maria Cañizares and Englishman Paul Carrigill to lift the trophy again. The Spanish Open has since been hosted by El Saler in 2001 (Robert Karlsson winning with a score of 277) and in 2013, when Raphaël Jacquelin claimed his fourth European Tour title in a record equalling sudden-death playoff that lasted two hours and took nine holes to complete.
Javier Arana has done a wonderful job, fitting the course to the terrain in a very natural and pleasing way. The raised and invariably elevated greens are tricky to locate and they are conditioned quite superbly. El Saler is quite rightly at the top of any visiting golfer’s agenda… it’s got everything going for it.
The following edited extract is from “The golf courses of Javier Arana” by Alfonso Erhardt Ybarra and is reproduced here with kind permission from the author:
The El Saler project brought together a cluster of unique, unrepeatable circumstances that enabled Javier to work without fear of interference. The Ministry of Information and Tourism had no interest whatever in getting involved in the architect’s role, so Javier enjoyed complete freedom. The oblong-shaped plot purchased by the ministry from Valencia city council ran to about seventy hectares. It was a dream property for any golf course architect, bounded by the beach for an entire kilometre and combining an open area of gently rolling sand dunes with Mediterranean pine forest standing on flat ground.
Javier had worked at El Prat and Neguri on ground sharing several of the characteristics of El Saler. In all three cases, the property features an open seaside area combined with a pine forest further inland; and, at the earlier two courses, the front nine adjoins the seashore, while the back nine threads its way among the pines. At El Saler, however, Javier found a different solution, interspersing seaside holes with forest holes throughout the front and back nines. The outcome is a splendid routing that exploits the natural setting to the full, with each loop masterfully combining the sand dunes, the pinewood and the transition between the two.
One of the key features of the of the routing is the ever-present use of triangulation; no two consecutive holes are orientated in the same direction, so the player must continually adapt his game to the prevailing wind conditions, hole by hole. Although El Saler has some brilliant holes, one of the vital features of the course is the solid nature of the whole, with no holes letting down the experience. As Simpson [Javier’s one-time architectural partner] said: ‘It is not individually great holes that make a great golf course. It is rather the relationship that exists between one hole and another’.
The greens at El Saler are without a doubt the finest that Arana has left to us and only the most skilled putters will come away unscathed. They are generally vast in size, at over 700 square metres each, and an average forty metres long. This size lends the course immense versatility, since holes play very differently depending on the placement of the pin, albeit at the cost of demanding greater accuracy from approach shots if overly long putts are to be avoided. Arana used various resources to create challenging green surfaces: false fronts, tiers, convex greens and small promontories surrounded by minor slopes of closely mown grass.
Another highlight is the presence of more than a hundred bunkers, contrasting with Arana’s philosophy of not having more than about fifty. The average size of each sand trap is far smaller than the rest of Javier’s courses, particularly within the area of influence of the greens, where he aimed to emulate British ‘pot bunkers’.
One might say El Saler is a compendium of Javier’s design philosophy, in that it encompasses all his hallmarks as a golf course architect. But the solutions to which he usually resorted are used in subtle ways, with no monotonous resemblance among holes or any sense of repetition. The result is a course that barely lets the player catch breath from the first hole to the last.
If you would like to find out more or purchase “The golf courses of Javier Arana” then click the link.
I have heard that the course was difficult to appreciate because its conditioning was not very good. I found the course to be in excellent shape when I played it.
The course has an interesting routing that starts out in a pine forest with unique Arregle Piques trees. The first four holes play in the trees: then, beginning at the fifth hole you start to approach the Mediterranean and get the links feel of the course. Arana designed some interesting and challenging greens with many contours.
The third is a world-class par five with a blind tee shot and a double dog-leg left that plays to a narrow green. The green has deep bunkers on both sides and two trees protecting the front of the green. The fairway slopes left to right. This hole is ranked as one of the 500 best in the world according to George Peper's book of the same title. The difficult green is oblong and protected by deep bunkers on both the left and right. It is a very good strategic hole with a narrow fairway from tee to green that requires precision the entire way.
The eighth is a very good short par four that plays along the Mediterranean. There is a sand dune about twenty feet high to the right of the green. The fairway snakes along to the right and then to the left prior to getting to the multi-tiered green that is sighted between the big sand dune on the right and the sand dunes protecting the ocean on the left.
El Saler is worth a visit, particularly because it is near the beautiful and fun city of Valencia, which is one of my favorites in Europe.
John Sabino is the author of How to Play the World’s Most Exclusive Golf Clubs
A golf course has to be pretty solid and you have to be fairly excited to see it in order to be inspired to drive 3 hours one way while on vacation to play it. Sure most people wouldn’t do this I guess (besides American golf fanatics, as I imagine they are used to that). This is exactly what I did. El Saler didn’t disappoint.
I think my first comment would be how surprised I am to see a routing this interesting existing on essentially a resort pay and play course in Spain. This course is a perfectly subtle myriad of pine forest, sand dunes and sea. There is a lot to like about El Saler. Excellent and very interesting green complexes and surrounds. Fantastic bunkering, and even though there are more than 100 of them on the course not a single one feels out of place. In some cases they most certainly dictate play and strategy but in nearly every case they work. The shaping is excellent in the author’s opinion. Some of them feel like they could be sitting on courses like Woodhall Spa or Ganton. Others have a distinctive feel that you are Down Under on one of the great Sand Belt courses.
El Saler for me would be the kind of course I would love to play on a daily basis, especially when the wind is up, otherwise it might be a little warm. It’s a joy to walk and very much a walking course, which is also quite rare in Spain from my experience, especially with regards to the resort courses.
A glorious matrimony of land and sea. While the legendary Javier Arana was preparing the nuptial of natural topology and coastal sand dunes in 1968, he took advantage of undulating land to deliver an entertaining routing that seamlessly brings you through pine forests and out to the ocean’s edge.
El Saler is unlike any other course in Spain. While many Spanish courses have views of the ocean from elevated platforms, El Saler reaches out and grabs the beach, leaving its footprints in the sand.
The solid opening stretch weaves you through the forest and begins the journey to the sea. Holes 5 through 8 and 16 through 18 behold the sounds of the sea, existing in a windswept exposed state and could easily be mistaken for any venue on the Open rotation.
The genius of the routing is that Arana was building a golf course within the boundaries of a nature park with significant environmental restrictions.
While there are mouth-watering sand dunes available along the coast outside of the club’s boundaries, the land is sadly not available for golf development. It’s understandable that the holes along the sea get much of the attention; however those with an educated eye will see the wonder of those holes winding their way through the Mediterranean pine forest.
His use of trees and bunkers to frame your line of sight is admirable. The green-sites are works of art throughout the property with fabulous shaping, most notably the natural undulations of the 8th and 17th greens. The holes just sit on the land that was given to the architect more than any other I’ve seen in recent years.
The simplicity of its creation makes El Saler a world class piece of architecture worthy of global acclaim. The course demands shot-making skill and imagination, rather than power - rendering a tear in my eye as I wondered how Seve played the course.
While other courses were struggling with conditioning, I was delighted to see that El Saler is getting appropriate investment and oversight ensuring top quality playing canvases.
Many of the holes are among the Top 500 holes in the World (eg: par 3 17th) and you can feel it as you walk around a very unique layout. The bunkers are works of art and always feel in the right place, which is a testament to their creator as there are more than 100 of them on the course.
The design of the sand traps are a dangerous mix of beauty and deception, and often reminded me of the pot bunkers in the British Isles or the murderous pits at Ganton. In my humble opinion, El Saler is not only the #1 course in Spain, but it’s a glaring omission from the Top 100 courses in the World.