Philanthropist Mary Reynolds Babcock founded Old Town Club in 1939 following a substantial $30 million inheritance from her father, R.J. Reynolds, founder of R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company. Mary became one of the richest women in the world but her primary interest was in helping others and the Mary Reynolds Babcock Foundation still bears testament to her altruism.
Perry Maxwell was the architect chosen to fashion Old Town Club and the golf course was ready for play in November 1939. The course was immediately heralded as one of the top ten courses in the USA.
Perhaps the most notable features at Old Town are the green complexes which are severely canted and notoriously tricky. These greens need to be studied and understood in order to avoid the dreaded three putts or worse.
Old Town measures around 7,000 yards from the tips and the key to scoring well is via accurate approach play. If you find yourself on the wrong part of the green or facing a chip from just off the green you can generally expect to drop at least one shot. The course itself is routed across rather hilly terrain so many awkward stances add up to a fascinating Old Town golfing challenge.
A tiny membership negates the need for tee times which makes Old Town feel like an “old school” golf club. But it has one eye on the future and is home to the Wake Forest University golf team.
If you are only slightly interested in golf course architecture, you should study Old Town’s greens for a moment and wallow in the nostalgia of a bygone era.
Restoration work by Coore & Crenshaw commenced in 2013 and in 2016 work was still in progress with the duo returning to add new bunkers and to supervise the removal of yet more trees.
Note: Old Town was originally nominated by Sean as a gem but this venerable course subsequently moved into our Best In State rankings and then into the US Top 100. Sean's original comments follow:
Perry Maxwell built Old Town just before WWII at the tail end of the Golden Age of Architecture. The property is fairly hilly yet, like many classic courses, one never gets the impression that the walk is severe. With one exception, tees are located close to greens.
Maxwell took advantage of the hills to create a brilliant set of undulating greens with steep swales and strong contours. It would be a mistake, however, to think the greens are the sole interest of the course. The slopes and up and down nature of the fairways place a strict demand controlling ball flight especially when the course is keen. Many of the approaches are uphill or have slightly raised greens which may encourage the player to carry the greens and risk what is often a dire position in being long.
The feeling of being on a course of grand scale is further enhanced by the recent (and continuing) felling of many trees which afford lovely interior views. If you plan to be anywhere near Winston-Salem it is worth a bit of grovelling to play Old Town. Even Tom Doak thought so.
Old Town is a 1939 Perry Maxwell design set on a beautiful piece of rolling land just north of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Led by the efforts of Dunlop White III Old Town underwent a restoration by Bill Coore and Ben Crenshaw in 2013 and what exists now is a beautiful and challenging test of golf that has recaptured the elements that Maxwell intended for the course to have.
This may be one of the most perfect pieces of land to build a golf course on that I have every encountered. The course flows around a number of hills, and there is rarely a level lie encountered, yet you never have the feeling that you are out of balance or in an awkward stance. On the back nine Silas Creek is always lurking; never quite in the way but also never quite out of your mind as well. The greens are magnificent . They have numerous interior contours as well as the well known "Maxwell puffs" which are somewhat subtle bumps in the green that can play havoc with obtaining the proper read and speed. The bunkering is probably where the most dramatic changes occurred. Restoration pictures reveal how the soft and homogenous edged bunkers were transformed into the wilder irregular looking edges that give the course a beautiful rough edges as well as being deepened significantly to ad to their challenge. In addition the fairways have been markedly widened. At one point the 17th, 8th, and 18th share a wide patch of common fairway. The mown rough has been transformed into natural grass areas which enhance the aesthetics of the course as well.
All of these changes have enhanced the playability and visual characteristics of the course. Underneath, however, is a beautiful strategic layout which require the player to think first, then execute.
The first hole plays gently downhill to a creek, then uphill to the green, giving you a good idea on how the day is going to go. Bunkers protect the right and back of the green while runoff slopes guard the front and left. This is a demanding but not impossible hole to start.
Two is a nice short par 3 guarded by multiple deep bunkers and a slope which separates the back right of the green. Three is an uphilll par 4 framed by fairway bunkers to the right. The leftward slope of the fairway demands that you have great control of ball flight to keep the shot in the proper position. Three is where I first encountered one of the "puffs" and I was fortunate to two putt from the front of the green. Four is a relatively short par 5 but it is protected by a steep slope in the landing area, a sharp right dogleg, and a creek running across the base of the green. This is not any sort of easy birdie hole. Five is a beautiful dog leg left with three deep bunkers protecting the fairway. However a bail out long or right can leave you blocked by huge hardwoods, Six is a downhill par three, slightly longer than two, with a bowl green that is open in the front. From the seventh tee you can see almost the entire vista of back portion of the course. The fourth is visible to the left and the par 5 seventeenth just to the right. This is a beautiful view. The drive is dominated by a series of bunkers in the center and left of the fairway. The green is severely sloped from left to right and requires a precise approach. Eight is a relatively short par 4 that plays downhill to a huge double green that is shared with seventeen. Nine is a uphill dog leg right par 4 that usually leaves the player with a sidehill, downhill lie on the second shot to an uphill green protected by a significant slope in front. Ten starts the back nine with an infinity tee shot over the horizon and a downhill second shot to a left to right sloping green. Eleven is strong par three with Silas Creek making it's presence felt on the right side of the green. This is another well contoured and protected green. Twelve is a tight drive out of a chute of trees. The creek is again off the right, but a large hill to the left leaves a blind second to the golfer who is too careful. Thirteen is a long uphill par 4 with a gentle turn to the right so that a drive down the left side of the fairway gives the favorable approach angle into the green. Fourteen is a great 350 yard par 4. A line of trees guards the right side, and the fairway slopes right to left down to Silas Creek. The green is tiny, as befitting a hole of this length, but with slopes and steep slopes around the green to challenge the approach. Fifteen is the strongest of the four par 3's. I played the blue tees at 213, but the back tee can play up to 248 yards. Silas Creek on the left and a series of deep bunkers on the left encourage the player to play a hard draw to the front right of the green in order to access a back left pin placement. Sixteen plays uphill and sidehill right to a green which then sits on top of another hill. A severe slope in front of the green ensures that a mishit shot could wind up 40 or 50 yards short of the green. Seventeen is a long par 5 that I played at 593 yards and can be stretched to 629 yards. The right half of the double green is protected by Silas Creek as well as some of the steepest slopes on any of the greens. Eighteen is a mirror of nine, an uphill dogleg left holes with a beautiful contoured green.
The uphill approach to the eighteenth green, with the clubhouse situated just behind, brought back great memories of the eighteenth at Sunningdale Old. In fact, the flow of the land and overall design were reminiscent of both courses at Sunningdale and even some of the other wonderful heathland courses around London such as Woking, Worplesdon and West Hills.
Although the land is hilly the course is easily walked, and I think it would be an absolute joy to be a member here. You could play this course every day and changes in tee markers, pin placements and the wind would make it a different experience each day. You could probably spend a lifetime trying to figure out the greens but it would be worth the effort. I can easily give this course 6 balls of the top100 scale, and I think the course is well deserving of it's high ranking both in the USA and world rankings. On the Doak scale I would give the course an 8 or possibly a 9. My sincere thanks to Dunlop for his invitation and kind hosting of myself and my wife to his course. Now my only problem is to try and find out when I can go back!
Old Town Club has my vote for one of the most underrated courses in the world at the present moment. This last summer, while spending some time in Pinehurst, I had the wonderful opportunity to enjoy a second visit to see this recently renovated Maxwell gem. Coore & Crenshaw have indeed pulled off one of the best renovations ever and one that should be used as an example for all students of architecture.
In my estimate the only thing keeping this course out of its well-deserved place among the magazine World Top 100 golf courses is time. Make no mistake it’s a Top 100 Golf Course and one of the best members clubs in existence on top of that.
It’s a great routing with wonderful green complexes and perfect land for golf that has been masterfully optimized to bring out all the features and on top of that wonderful natural bunkering. What more could you want?
If you have the chance to visit OTC jump on a plane and make it a priority. You won’t regret it.
I’d heard all about Perry Maxwell’s “rolls”, but had never seen any until I arrived at Old Town. They might better be called hillocks as most are little humps providing a putting challenge unlike any I’d experienced before. There’s plenty of challenge from tee to green as well. But don’t be cowed by Dunlop White’s pointing out that there are now three times as much bunkering as before. Most are in places the golfer can avoid. The “alligator eyes” bunkers that Dave Axland built at # 14 are a perfect example. Moreover, the doubling of mown fairway also contributes to the course's playability. And only at #s 2, 4, 8, 16 and 17 is an aerial shot required to find the green.
Along with Cypress and Merion, Old Town has the distinction of being the only U.S. course I could find on this site with unanimous six ball ratings. It was not a difficult decision for me to add that same rating to that group.
A genuine test of golf. Old Town will make you use just about every club in your bag. I’m a member and have the luxury of playing there often. Although situated in Winston-Salem, you get the feeling you’re in the mountain foothills. The course was designed by Perry Maxwell around 1939 and was recently updated by Coore & Crenshaw in 2013. Kudos to Dunlop White III for contributing significant support, blood, and sweat to the newly renovated grounds.
Perry Maxwell is known for building golf courses with progressive par 3’s that increase in length the further you advance. At Old Town, the first par 3 hole #2 measures 166 yards, while holes #6, #11, and #15 measure 186, 216, and 245 yards respectively. My favorite holes are #3, a challenging up-hill 427 yard par 4 that requires 2 superb shots to hit the green in regulation; #7 a 419 yard par 4 starting from an elevated tee box that requires you to carry a series of horizontally positioned fairway bunkers and hit a tiny multi-tied green from an uneven fairway lie; and #14, a short 335 yard par 4 that’s guarded by a left water hazard, trees on the right, and an elevated green surrounded by bunkers with a severe left side drop off reminding you of something you’d encounter on Pinehurst #2.
As I travel a fair bit and have the opportunity to see several different golf courses, my avid play allows me to truly appreciate the uniqueness of Old Town. Many, by today’s standards, would consider Old Town too short measuring just 6,800 yards, but it plays 300 – 400 yards longer. There’s very few level lies on the golf course. That, accompanied by very demanding tee shots, makes Old Town a real player’s golf course.
The more I travel, and the more courses I play, the more I truly understand the greatness of Old Town Club.
The restoration work undertaken by Coore & Crenshaw has truly restored this golden age masterpiece back to its full glory. The routing is the heart of this wonderful course. The use of the rolling topography is nothing short of genius. In addition to resulting in a tremendous course and unbelievable green sites, the routing also gives the player several excellent mini loop options (1 - 3; 10, 11 18; 4 - 9).
The removal of many trees (no doubt planted by well-meaning committees in the 60's, 70's and 80's) has brought back wide playing corridors and angles of play. Old Town does what is so difficult: to be challenging for the scratch player, but very playable for a high handicapper. In fact, I would argue that the better player, the tougher Old Town plays.
This collection of 18 greens surely must be among the strongest 18 greens anywhere. All feature the famous "Maxwell rolls," and they vary in size (10 is very small; the double green of 8/17 is enormous). Coupled with the superior routing, the greens make Old Town one of the best golf experiences in the entire United States.
If you get the chance to play Old Town, but all means, do whatever it takes to get there!
Coore & Crenshaw returned for additional improvements in 2016. In the last 10 months, long-time shaper Dave Axland added four new bunkers to holes 7 and 8. The restored bunkers today encompass over 110,000 square feet of local riverbed sand, while the pre-2013 versions only comprised 32,000 square feet of the bright-white stuff. Therefore, the restored bunkers are more than 3x larger. This also translates to more than 9x the “linear footage” of bunker edges than before. Throw in a tight mowing pattern (versus a ribbon of rough) to welcome golf balls. Today, the inside leading edges of all bunkers are maintained as fairways. Better yet, many bunkers are maintained with closely-cropped edges 360 degrees around its entire perimeter. The tight mowing pattern lures golf balls like a magnet, and as a result, these bunkers play exponentially larger than ever before.
At Coore's direction, we have also expanded our fairways from 35 to 75-acres -- and counting. Thus far, we have converted about 40-acres of maintained bermuda rough to fairway. Today, in more old-school tradition, one single swath of fairway connects holes 4, 7, 17, 8, 9 and 18 successively without interruption of maintained bermuda rough. Harks back to the days of gang mowers and eliminates a multitude of busy modern rough lines. Plus, closely-cropped turf better exposes our rumpled terrain. Every natural depression and bump -- all the imperfections in the ground -- are now exposed with shadowing that would otherwise would be lost to the eye in the rough.
Plus, Old Town just removed an additional 200+ trees "in-house" opening up vistas in the heart of the golf course in excess of a mile from east to west -- and just shy of a mile from North to South. Looking lore and more like a raw, early-American landscape.
The least you can say about Old Town Club is wow! Simply amazing place! C&C have restored so much width enabling maximum benefit of solid strategy, all depending on the days pin positions. I’d venture to say this width is a key feature that 95% of all golf courses neglect in an effort to do make their courses championship ready or challenging for top players, most of which don’t make up their memberships.
Old Town of course benefits from a fabulous and varied site, from fantastic green complexes and surrounds and finally the bones of a wonderful routing and usage of the property from Maxwell. It certainly deserves to have every hole described and regarded as excellent, however I will try my best to only select a couple to highlight.
The second hole is a medium length par 3, playing across a bit of a depression into a beautiful green with wonderful bunkering. Deceptively this hole played much shorter than the distance suggested leaving a challenging up and down from up on the hill behind the green.
The par 4, 5th is an excellent dogleg left that simply begs you to try and cut the corner and carry the bunkers in an attempt to avoid being blocked out from the green by the couple large trees inside the dogleg. The green is set up on the hill and requires an exacting approach. Appropriately this is one of the more difficult holes on the property requiring two excellent shots to make the green in two.
The wonderful short par 4, 14th is my favorite hole on the property. Certainly drivable under the right conditions for the extremely daring but in truth there may not be an easy sure way to guarantee success on this hole. Yet, you could just as well birdie it with a 5 iron and a great wedge approach. The green pushes the boundary of social acceptability and I imagine it delivers its share of complete surrenders yet that’s the beauty of the design in this case. Take a short little hole that people may even laugh at from the tee and fill it with so much strategy that whatever decision you take to play it you will be challenged to execute it well. The green slopes severely from right to left and falls away on the left side. That may be the one feature that makes this hole controversial for some who may putt or chip the ball past the pin and have it roll off the green into serious trouble. Still it remains my favorite hole on a property full of wonderful holes.
The last hole I would like to highlight in my review is the par 5, 17th. Standing up on the hill looking out at one of the widest most inviting landing areas ever all lights read go for it. Your playing partners challenge you to hit into the fairway bunkers at about 300 yds out into the wind knowing very well, you CAN’T reach them. A true go for broke shot. With a very long drive you have a shot to go for the green in two, the green one of the largest double greens you’ve seen is reachable with a blind shot over a hill and has a stream running diagonal across the line of play from right to left. Talk about risk reward shots. The other option that most will take is to lay up on the second shot which requires a blind shot up over the hill and leaves a mid to short iron approach from up on the hills down over the stream to this large green. A simply wonderful and fun par 5.
It’s easy to understand how enthusiastic I am about this course. It certainly belongs in the World Top 100 and will take it’s place among the world’s best sooner rather than later. Dunlop White III, I salute your hard work, heart and soul for this wonderful game! Thank you ! Here’s to a world full of more wonderful, passionate, enthusiastic and knowledgeable caretakers of GCA.