Architect Mike Strantz started out as a member of Tom Fazio’s construction crew before setting up his own company at the end of the 1980s. Known for his daring and unconventional style, Strantz loved to push the design boundaries and the nine solo projects that he completed before his untimely death in 2005 bear testament to his adventurous golfing philosophies.
“Pine Valley on steroids” is how Tobacco Road is billed. Cut through an old sand quarry on land once cultivated by tobacco farmers, it’s also been described as “golf’s rock and roll thrill ride,” where the architect moved a fair amount of earth to shape the roller coaster fairways and form the dramatic greensites. Due to all the risk taking by the architect, if ever there was a course built to put the fun back into the game then this is it.
Notable holes include the 525-yard 4th (where the fairway veers sharply left around a massive sandy waste area), the 531-yard 11th (which swings to the right, around a 40 foot deep sand pit), the 194-yard 14th (played to a kidney-shaped lakeside green that slopes down to the water) and the 432-yard closer, requiring a long, testing tee shot out of the quarry to a blind fairway landing area.
All eighteen greens at Tobacco Road were converted from bent grass to Bermuda during the summer of 2014, a process that took just over two months to complete.
The following article was written by lawyer and sports writer Jay Flemma and is an edited extract from Volume Four of Golf Architecture: A Worldwide Perspective. Reproduced with kind permission. To obtain a copy of the book, email Paul Daley at [email protected]
In his book Grounds for Golf (2003), Geoff Shackleford compared great golf courses to epic films. The analogy has merit. For example, he called Pine Valley “The Godfather” and he called National Links of America “Citizen Kane”. To continue the exploration, it’s clear Mike Strantz’s tour de force at Tobacco Road is akin to Quentin Tarantino’s celebrated, polarising, avante garde neo-classic, “Pulp Fiction”.
Combining his profound gift for designing great strategic holes with his limitless palette for artistic flair, Strantz wove wide, yet elusive fairways and well-protected greens amid heaving, expansive waste areas and hurly-burly North Carolina sand hills. The results are awe-inspiring. Part Pine Valley for its vast sandy waste areas and part Prestwick for its numerous blind drives and approaches, the result is a dazzling and powerful synergy flawlessly executed to produce a course rich in risk-reward options on a breathtaking canvas.
Years of target golf on parkland-style layouts and the acceptance of ‘stick the pin’ designs as the norm has led some to opine that many of Tobacco Road’s ancient design concepts – blind shots and shots threaded through towering rough-covered dunes – were anachronistic or contrived. Moreover, the course consistently requires shaped shots, a smooth, trusty swing to deal with the intimidating green settings and, most of all, patience bordering on the robotic.
Far too often, blind shots are seen as a nuisance and unusual looking designs are quickly dismissed as gimmicky. Some unimaginative and disgruntled players unfairly brand “The Road” with such a stigma. As the design elements they dismiss so high-handedly are derived from some of the most storied courses in the world, these detractors are wrong. Nobody has a problem with the blind shots at Prestwick or Lahinch, but import them to the United States and a designer better have earplugs or a bulletproof ego.
The difficulty of the course is derived from three factors. Firstly, nobody was better than Strantz at creating optical illusion, and nowhere do his optical illusions invoke more trepidation, confusion, or frustration in golfers than at Tobacco Road. Some of the holes look claustrophobic from the tee (but) fears from the tee are misplaced: the fairways are actually quite wide. The optical illusions lead to uncertainty and uncertainty frequently becomes fear. The fear-factor is the second and overriding factor in the course’s difficulty. Nervous, uncertain swings lead to disastrous results. Thirdly, and perhaps most importantly, you must play the right set of tees for your skill level. Players who insist on playing a set of tees beyond their skill level will fail to reach doglegs or forced carries off the tee.
Sadly, we lost Mike Strantz (1955-2005) to oral cancer far too soon, in the height of his ascension. Like “Pulp Fiction” many knew “The Road” was destined for greatness right from its opening, even in the face of vocal opposition. Just as “Pulp Fiction” stirred bitter controversy at the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences, so too did Tobacco Road stir controversy with its fearless courage in demanding blind or semi-blind shots to devilishly positioned greens. Strantz turned convention on its ear and seemingly said: look how much further we can reach when we suspend expectations and take some chances. Only now are we beginning to appreciate just how visionary he was.
Tobacco Road is a polarizing course and experience. Not long but it is relentless. Most people on this site love it. The intrigue starts with the tee shot on the par 5 first. There are large sand dunes on either side of the fairway about 200 yards out that look like, well let’s just say aim for the cleavage or slightly right of center. The 2nd shot is also blind and has to clear a waste and gunch area and should set up a wedge to a two tiered green protected by three deep bunkers. The 2nd is a birdie oppty, favor the left off the tee. You will carry a waste area and there is a BAB on the right side of the fairway. The raised green has a front middle bunker, front right and one left. The 3rd is a short island green par three that is surrounded by sand. The green is long with a ridge going right to left. If you are lucky the pin will be front in a collection bowl. The 4th is a reachable par five dogleg left. You will need to determine what your appetite is, my eyes were bigger than my stomach and struggled to make par out of the waste bunker. The 5th is a classic risk reward hole with the green perched above the waste bunker on the left side. The smart play is lay up right and have a flip wedge. After my epic fail on 4 I figured I was due to nut my drive. Déjà vu all over again, evidently, I am getting better at saving par out of waste bunkers. The short par 3 6th has an extremely long and slim green. The tee options are spread out over a 100 degree arc, so the hole plays and looks completely different daily. The 7th is a long par four on the front, downhill and blind. You will have a long approach over a cross gunch hazard to a green surrounded by four bunkers. The 8th is a good par three. Downhill with the green shaped as a upside L with a bunker inside right. The front is lower, so if the pin is front left you will have a backstop. The 9th is the longest par four on the front, dogleg left, with an elevated green. The number one handicap hole.
The 10th is demanding intimidating downhill dogleg right. There is a large waste area on the right side. The 11th is a difficult par five dogleg right. Waste bunkers all the way down the right and an extraordinarily deep greenside bunker right and a two tier green. The 12th is a sharp dogleg left. If you cannot hit a draw layup bunkers on both sides of the elbow. The 13th is a double dogleg par 5. From an elevated tee you must carry gunch and a wase bunker. You can cut some of the corner off and you can also drive it thru the fairway. For your second shot you have a narrow gap. Now for the blind approach. I was just over 100 yards out and we could not see the pin. The green is narrow elevated and in a ravine. Ultimately, I walked almost 50% of the way to the green to ultimately identify the pin tucked way left. This whole is where Tobacco Road jumped the shark. The14th is the longest and I think the best par 3. Water carry to a redan green with a collection of bunkers. The 15th has a quasi-blind tee shot and the hole is shaped like an inverse S with another blind approach. There is more room right off the tee than it appears. There is a large waste bunker in the middle of the fairway and the green is well protected and bisected by a ridge in the middle running back to front. The 16th is a short dogleg left and a good birdie oppty. The approach is blind and uphill, take an extra club. If you are short it may roll all the way down to the bottom. This has a deep green with a dead elephant in the middle. The 17th is the shortest hole with a very long narrow green. This is a 180 degree variation on 6, with the multiple tee boxes, depending where the pin is the hole will play significantly different. Regardless, it is all carry over a waste bunker and the green may be 100 yards end to end. The finishing hole has another blind tee shot over a waste area to an expansive fairway. The long approach is tight to a partially obscured green.
Interesting course. I encourage everyone to play it at least once. Reviews tend to be polarizing. I will not be returning.
Good description of the course Colin, but I’m not really sure from your review why you weren’t particularly keen on it. Would you be able to expand on your lack of enthusiasm for the place as I’ve always had Tobacco Road as a course I’d hope to visit one day. Tom.
just consider the 3rd sentence of the review. The overwhelming sentiment is positive which is correct because it is an exceptional golfing experience played out on a visually stunning course. Make the trip to Tobacco Road, even if you hate it, you will remember it
I agree with David. You should definitely play it and make up your own mind.
Fun and fun! Some would say quirky, but all would say fun! Many blind shots, so get a yardage book. Excellent Strantz layout. Great match play course.
Tobacco Road contains much of the best work of Mike Strantz. I love Stranz's work. He creates strategic options which demand precision with both accuracy as well as distance control. The first hole is a small taste of what is to come at Tobacco Road. You face two large mounds left and right with a bunkered corridor. Past this opening lies a wide fairway which angles in and will kick your ball toward the center. Your second shot must navigate a small two mound hazard left and right which again has a broader opening beyond. The green tilts slightly away and is guarded by a bunker on the right which has a 5 foot face. This is just the gentle first hole.
The second has a forced carry over a massive waste area bunker to a wide open fairway with a bunker sitting on a hill to the right which mostly just adds visual appeal. The green slopes away and the hole is shorter so a short iron approach is most likely. The green is nearly circled by bunkers and has a false front with a slight raised front.
The third is the first par 3. It seems quite innocuous. Bunkers left and right. It is about 150 but the green is 60 yards deep with several buried animals in it so proper aim and distance is required.
The forth is a par 5 which has a narrow driving lane which opens up with bunkers right and a waste area left which forms the dogleg left. A decent drive which nears the left side allows for a go at the green in two.
The fifth is a classic risk reward par 4. You can play out to the right and have a 200 yard lay up with a short iron in. The risk option is a 250 to 270 carry from the disc and ripper tees over a waste bunker. The green has a massive false front which could reject your shot to the bunker.
Six is a 150 ish par 3 with a very wide green about 60 yards which is only 15 yards deep. bunkers protect it virtually surrounding it.
Seven is a down hill wide fairway to a green which is severely sloped and is over a lost ball waste area. Bunkers circle the entire green.
Eight is a par 3 with a kidney shaped deep green with a bunker on the right forming the kidney. There is massive slope and undulation to this green.
Nine is the first truly special hole which introduces the back side which has many. The tee shot is to an open fairway but appears tight as the visual area in front of you has very little fairway and mostly waste area. The second shot which will need to rise about 25 feet above the fairway must stay left of that 25 foot hillside rise which is bunkered on the right and cluttered with stairs and bushes and a massive bunker. The green is only 10 yards wide and lines up to the left side of the fairway which is close to several enormous trees which help guard that left side. An approach from the right which appears to be the route to go must carry that rise and bunker and hold on a very narrow green. 10 is an elevated tee to a hard sloped fairway left to right with a waste bunker going the full length down the right side. The green is at the end of that waste bunker. A smart drive down the left is your best play.
Eleven contains the most devilish bunker I have ever encountered. Think Yale left side two....A par 5 with a generous fairway. Bunker lines the entire right side and juts out far so carrying it to shorten the hole requires a massive drive. The green is again elevated by 25 feet or so with this bush speckled bunker on the right.
Twelve is a dog leg left with bunkers out to the right and a forest on the left which is thick. Bunkers align the left starting off the tee by 200 and go straight to the green and left side.
13 is the signature hole and is totally unique. A par 5 with an elevated tee and a sharp dog leg right. You must first carry the waste bunkers. At the right corner of the waste bunkers are several trees which make a drive to cut the corner a massive undertaking...270 carry covering trees at 50 feet tall...So a 300 plus carry type drive. Upon approaching the green you see a sight unlike any other. A miniscule green tucked in a valley surrounded by massive bunkers which are as much as 10 feet higher than the green height. Fortunately this tiny green is aided by hills which can deliver your ball back to the green....or hold it in the rough and offer no chance for an up and down.
Fourteen is a mid length par 3 with an elevated tee. the only water hazard right and a very deep green of 50 yards.
15 is a blind tee shot to a somewhat double fairway landing area. Fairway left and right and a bunker covered mound up the middle. The green is protected well by bunkers and the landscape also delivers a blind approach often.
You stand on 16 tee and wonder where the fairway might be. You see a vast array of bushes and deep heather everywhere with a sliver walking path up the middle. Out in the landing area the fairway is quite wide and has a large bunker beyond the landing area. The green is a large rise above the fairway and has the largest false front on the course. The green has three tiers and it's possible a shot can pull back even if it is 10 yards into this green as that false front is massive and undulating.
17 is the last par 3 and this green is monstrous. Only 20 yards deep but a good 70 wide. Make sure you aim well as the green also has severe slope.
18 is a great finisher. The tee ball is blind looking at a wall of sand. A forced carry of 180 with a climb up about 20 feet also. A wide fairway awaits. The green is tucked into a mounded area with a couple bunkers right and left which capture balls not hit to the middle.
I have played Tobacco Road since it's opening and several years following. I had not been back for 8 years. It had stretches of difficulty but currently is in great shape and has a near cult following. The greens were superb. The only rub which seems applicable often lately is the bunkers and no rakes. Nearly 1/3 of the playing field of this course could be waste bunkers.
Crazy, whacky, beautiful, memorable, and most of all incredibly fun to play. The course has been called "Pine Valley on Steroids", "If National is Citizen Kane then Tobacco Road is Pulp Fiction" (or close) and my playing partner said "This really reminds me of Pine Valley." I haven't played Pine Valley, but I don't know how a course with reviews like this isn't talked about more. It made me immediately want to play it again and play all of the Strantz courses I can. The course is full of variety, heroic carries, visual intimidation and has this amazing ability to look a LOT harder than it really is. The tough carries are often shorter than they look, the tight chutes often open up to be very wide, and a lot of the big hazards are easy to avoid. I can't say enough things about this course and while I've heard great things, I was still surprised. I would assume that people takeaway points for scenic beauty, but the Strantz paints amazing visuals on an otherwise rough, sandy terrain. I also realize that it doesn't necessarily play nice with an 18+ handicap and it lacks some of the history that the world's top courses boast. I'm not an 18+ handicap so that's OK with me, and despite the lack of Tournament and "Old Club" History, the place is a shrine to one of Golf's greatest architects and it's a true golf-first facility. This is a first-class golf course that if you're in the area you have to play. Don't take a trip to Pinehurst without stopping at Tobacco Road.
Tobacco Road Golf Course is located in Sandford, Nth Carolina, in the famous sandhills near the Pinehurst Resort. The course opened in 1998 on the site of an old quarry and was designed by the late Mike Strantz whose short career was productive.
He only designed 9 courses but his impressive resume includes Monterey Peninsula CC- Shore Course, Tot Hill Farm, True Blue, and Caledonia Golf & Fishing Club among others. Strantz was his own man, and reputedly at MPCC in his last years before tongue cancer took him, rode the site on a white horse, and made detailed drawings of every hole to illustrate his intentions to the club comittees at the time. His impact was such that in 2000 Golfweek named him as one of the top 10 golf Architects of all time...
But it is Tobacco Road that will be regarded as his legacy, and rightfully so. Stranz studied art before becoming a golf architect and he has been able to display his artistic flair in the sand at Tobacco Road
The golf course he has sculpted out of this land is absolutely unique- it is not going to host the U.S. Open any time soon, but it will definitely be one of the most fun courses you will ever have the privilege to play.
Having played it once you will be planning your next visit.. "It is up there with Nth Berwick in the fun stakes!"
The course is not long, but is definitely quirky, with eighteen 'signature holes'. It has blind shots, wild greens, and places where the drive or approach appears to be inconceivably tight but actually widens out...
Risk/reward shots abound for even the moderate hitter who can choose to take on carries over bunkers/dunes/wild areas and if successful- putt for birdie or eagle. Of course failing to make that carry can result in an ugly score on any given hole...
Stranz has created a strategic course that is heavily bunkered. But the bunkers fit the landscape, as if they were always there.
The green complexes are both fascinating and diverse- with some amazingly wide and shallow, others tucked in behind dunes, some with significant movement. And I can't recall another course with as many greens falling from front to back as much as Tobacco Road.
Strantz's artistic bent is evident in everything about Tobacco Road. The rustic look of the course, clubhouse, island tees, myriad of paths leading off through dunes, bunkers, farm equipment tee markers- everything contributes to the overall look and feel of Tobacco Road.
Whilst I don't think there are any weak holes on the course I do have some favourites..The risk/reward par 5's at holes 1, 4, 11 & 13 are absolutely unique. You will play them liked excited schoolchildren first time around, marvelling at the audacious design...
The par 3 holes all feature wonderful green shapes nestled into the dunes, but holes 6, 14 & 17 really captured my imagination. And par 4 holes with blind tee shots in holes 16 & 18 also grab your attention.
Tobacco Road is one out of the box. Expect to be challenged on every hole. Expect to make mistakes and be penalised. Expect to love every minute of your day on the links.
I am a big fan. Find a way to get there!
Peter Wood is the founder of The Travelling Golfer – click the link to read his full review.
i love Mike Strantz course designs....played Tot Hill Farm earlier in the day; I was paired with 2 'locals'...one mowed the course on Sun mornings to get discount..They both attributed shooting their best round ever to my presence...and were more than happy the show me the ropes.Fun course Fun round Excellent conditions and Friendly staff....I'll be back...HIGHLY recomended
Dive into any golf architecture forum and you will be hard pressed to find a more polarizing architect than Mike Strantz. Tobacco Road is certainly one of his more controversial designs. Regardless of where you fall on the opinion spectrum, there is no doubt that this property is one-of-a-kind. If you love golf architecture, you must visit this site.
As I reflected on my own history with Tobacco Road, as well as the many analyses I have read over the years, I decided to depart from my typical review structure and instead examine why the course is so divisive. My hope is to provide helpful recommendations for those who have never played Tobacco Road, and some bi-partisan critique on this devilish masterpiece.
First and most importantly, I feel strongly that no golfer should ever formulate their opinion (let alone publish it) after just one round at Tobacco Road. When reviewing evaluations that claim Tobacco Road is too challenging, it is frequently obvious that most of those writers have only experienced the course a single time. This is evident especially when people complain about the numerous blind shots. The combination of those remarks is completely unfair, in my opinion. A golf hole is only truly ‘blind’ the first time you play it, and beyond the dunes and ridges at this property are some of the widest fairways you will ever encounter. While one may be discouraged by a disappointing result from a well-struck shot on their first go-around, it is highly unlikely they would ever make the same mistake again. Furthermore, the green sizes at Tobacco Road tend to reflect the length of the approach – you usually have a pretty short club in hand to attack the smaller greens, which I believe is a wise and reasonable design aspect.
The other reason that it is critical to play the course multiple times before judgment is due to the unpredictability of condition. My first round at Tobacco Road was in 2010, and I left feeling so let-down. When I finally gave Tobacco Road another shot in 2017 (and other times since), I immediately realized why my previous round was so disappointing. Because the course was wet from rain the night prior, roll and bounces off interesting contours had been muted. Additionally, the maintenance of the property has improved on every one of my visits. Shaggy fairways dulled the impact of the rumpled corridors during my first experience.
While some players complain that Tobacco Road is too challenging, I have also seen other reviewers criticize the course for being too easy. My gut reaction to those is to wonder when difficulty became the bar for determining architectural merit? Specifically for Tobacco Road, though, I also feel that ‘too easy’ is unfair descriptor which does not capture the full scoring context. Personally, I believe many of those reviewers actually just lack an imaginative spirit. On most holes at Tobacco Road, par is very achievable by playing conservatively – straight, high, and long down each wide fairway. If a strong player has this mindset, I could easily see why they might get bored. What the ‘too easy’ commentary does not encapsulate is that on many holes, birdies are hard to come by without creativity. Depending on pin locations, the only route to go low might be running a ball over a knob, by cutting off a waste area’s corner, or by taking the longer route to the hole with a superior angle. Additionally, saying the course is ‘too easy,’ does not acknowledge that virtually any out-of-place shot can quickly multiply into a big number.
Finally, before you consider where you stand on Tobacco Road, realize that like me, your opinion may change over time and that…*gasp*…you may even have extremely polarized views from one hole to the next. The course has that much depth to its variety. For instance:
• #1: My favorite opener of 215+ courses played, this daunting tee shot is actually quite manageable once you realize there is a massive landing area beyond the dunes. The second shot provides endless options. You can lay-up conservatively before the splitting ridge, but then will have to navigate another blind shot. An aggressive metal sweeping left-to-right can run up to this green, though any shot missed right will face a difficult, shallow up-and-down.
• #2: This hole may not jump off the page during your first visit, but the bowled nature of the extremely wide fairway is a blast to experience. It is a great birdie opportunity if and only if you angle your approach appropriately.
• #4: The second of two stellar three-shotters on the front, the approach at the 4th is beyond fantastic. Players can make an easy five here by lengthening the hole from the right with a better angle. The aggressive play over a massive waste area must be exacting, or the player will be left with an awkward sand shot yardage. Both players can bounce a ball into the green using the slope front right.
• #5: This particular par four, despite being so unique, does not resonate with me. There are essentially two routes to the green, and quite frankly, neither is desirable. You can play safe to the fairway right, but that lengthens the hole considerably and adds a blind approach with a mid/long iron. One can instead attempt to drive the green, but even a tiny miss is almost surely leading to a bogey. Even if the aggressive tee shot catches the miniscule patch of fairway short, the chip is very difficult to almost any pin. Every option feels lose-lose.
• #9: Another hole where I struggle to discern best strategy, the tiny nature of the 9th green does not fit well with the grand scale of the uphill approach. The best angle is from the left side, but your shot can easily be blocked out by tree limbs. If anything, the only real option here are two long, straight, high shots – unfitting on a hole with such an interestingly wide fairway and beautifully perched putting surface.
• #10: Like the 2nd, the turn at Tobacco Road grows on me every round. With the opportunity to run up a shot using a bank on the left, I find the approach to be captivating.
• #11: The approach shot on the 11th brings forth untamable internal temptation. Par (and maybe even birdie) on this hole is so easy if one simply lays-up to the wide area left of the green, but going for the putting surface over the deep crater always seems to be just in reach.
• #13: I am still lost as to the appeal on this hole. Unless one can both hit a massive slice (lefty hook) and control their yardage like a video game, the only real option from the tee is a long-iron or metal. I cannot fathom going for this punchbowl green in two, leaving the only real approach route as a pretty bland lay-up. For such a photographed, applauded hole, I have yet to step off the green feeling stimulated.
• #18: The harrowing tee shot over the mine remnants at the finishing hole stirs the soul. Seeing this feature when entering and exiting may be one of the most genius ‘architectural’ aspects for course marketing in the game. That view gets my heart racing upon arrival and leaves me salivating upon departure.
Tobacco Road may have features that cause polarizing viewpoints, but that does not mean that one’s overall review must be so extreme. There is room for gray. Playing the course more than once, in different conditions, and with some imaginative shots will ultimately reveal the options and splendor present on this very special routing. With virtually no comparable counterpart, any architecture lover must visit Tobacco Road. Keep an open mind as you navigate this superb golf adventure.
I have played a lot of the great courses in the world and Tobacco Road is now my favorite. I played it on 22/4/20 in perfect conditions. EVERY hole is interesting and fun to play. This course pushed Royal County Down into the number 2 spot in my favorite courses I’ve played. I can understand that people who like plain and minimalistic may not be as keen on this course as I am.
MIke Strantz was known for his bold and creative design features. He was a true artist, but sometimes a mad genius. This course has some of the most creative holes you'll ever play, a true architectural masterpiece. It's a course I want to play many more times.
Absolutely correct Michael - genius course by a genius architect. Have you played Tot Hill Farm ? Maybe a couple of holes there are too extreme.
Much has been written about Mike Strantz’s imaginative work here. I always make it a practice to stop by on the way between Pinehurst and RDU airport. I’m always charmed by the abundance of the line of charm: the risk/reward decision to drive close to trouble to set up an advantageous next shot. On only three tee shots (1, 7 and 18) is the player not confronted with this challenge…and the same goes for the second shot on three of the par 5s (4, 11 and 13). Strantz’s wildly contoured greens add to the fun.
But it’s not all fun and games here. The aerial approach option is rare as over and over the player is faced with a forced carry to the green. And if you’re hoping for a walk in the park experience, you won’t find it here. It’s far more like a forced march, particularly on the back nine, where there are long (at least 100 yard) slogs to get to the tee at 10, 11, 13, 15, and 18. Despite these qualifications, Tobacco Road is a golf experience not to be missed.