Harry Colt

Full Name
Henry Shapland "Harry" Colt
Year of Birth
1869
Year of Death
1951 (aged 82)
Place Born
Highgate, London, England
Place Died
East Hendred, Oxfordshire, England

Such is the capricious nature of ceremonial awards, Harry Colt is shamefully absent from the World Golf Hall of Fame despite the inclusion of a number of his North American contemporaries.

Harry Colt studied law at Clare College, Cambridge. Twelve months after his 1887 enrolment, he joined the committee of the Cambridge University Golf Club and went on to captain the University golf team. After graduation he was admitted to the bar, becoming a solicitor and partner in the Hastings law firm of Sayer & Colt.

In 1894 he laid out the new course at Rye with Scottish professional Douglas Rolland and in 1895 was appointed Honorary Secretary of Rye Golf Club with Rolland becoming the club’s first professional. Between 1901 and 1913, Colt served as Sunningdale Golf Club’s first Secretary and during his tenure he fashioned the course at Rowlands Castle near Portsmouth in 1902.

In 1907, twelve months after he reached the semi-final of the Amateur Championship, Dr Alister MacKenzie (the first Honorary Secretary at Alwoodley Golf Club) called upon Colt to help him design a new course on the outskirts of Leeds, and the doctor joined C.H. Alison becoming Colt’s second business partner. Two years later, Colt’s new course opened at Stoke Park, framed by the iconic backdrop of the 18th century mansion house, designed by James Wyatt, architect to King George III.

His “least bad course”, Swinley Forest, quietly opened for play in 1911. Authors Henry Lord and Peter Pugh, commented in Masters of Design – Great Courses of Colt, MacKenzie, Alison & Morrison as follows: “One of the most astonishing things about Colt’s routing was that it was mapped out in his mind’s eye before any of the thousands of pine trees covering the site were removed.”

Already within his portfolio were Blackmoor, St George’s Hill and Camberley Heath. Colt had also visited France and laid out Golf de Saint-Cloud in Paris. He had also sailed to North America and designed new courses for the Toronto Golf Club and the Country Club of Detroit. Additionally, Colt worked with Donald Ross at Old Elm Club and routed Pine Valley with Philadelphian hotelier, George Crump. In 1913, prior to the outbreak of the First World War, unable to remain committed to his duties at Sunningdale, Colt resigned as Secretary, having now established himself as one of the world’s leading golf course architects.

“When peace returned at the end of 1918”, remarked Henry Lord and Peter Pugh, “Colt wrote to all his old golfing contacts offering the services of Colt, Alison and MacKenzie… in 1920, [MacKenzie] was increasingly keen to branch out on his own, following Alison to North America and the prestigious commissions he so craved.” MacKenzie left the Colt and Alison partnership in 1923 so “Colt brought a new assistant, the 30-year-old John Stanton Fleming Morrison, into the fold… In 1922 he began helping Colt with the building of Sunningdale’s New course… In 1928 Morrison was made an official partner and the new company of Colt, Alison & Morrison was formed.”

“Colt had really stopped designing courses in 1939, happy to let his two partners stand out on their own while he remained in the peaceful seclusion of East Hendred with his wife, Laura, until she passed away in 1948.” Henry Shapland "Harry" Colt died three years later in 1951.

Extracts:

The Golf Course by Cornish & Whitten: “Several firsts in golf course design are generally attributed to H.S. Colt. He was the first to consistently use a drawing board in preparing his course designs. He was the first to prepare tree-planting plans for his layouts.”

The Complete Book of Golf: “In Britain, Harry Colt was the first amateur golfer – rather than professional – to earn a reputation as an architect. Some say he is still the greatest of them all.”

The Colt Oeuvre by Bruce Critchley:

“Colt had a few simple dictums. The early holes should ease you into the round; nothing too demanding at the start. Ideally, every club in the bag should be used, regardless of skill. The routing of the course would be determined by the land, and there would be no hard and fast rule about the numbers of par threes or fives on any given nine… Colt had no peer as a designer of short holes.”

World Golf Hall of Fame – such is the capricious nature of ceremonial awards Harry Colt is shamefully absent from the Hall of Fame despite the inclusion of a number of Colt’s North American contemporaries.

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Courses designed by and courses remodelled and added to by Harry Colt

Aldeburgh (Championship)

1st Suffolk - Best in Area 49th England Ranking

Founded in 1884, Aldeburgh Golf Club is one of the oldest golf clubs in Suffolk and is separated from the tidal Alde estuary by an unusual strip of coastal heathland.

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Alnmouth

6th Northumberland - Best in Area

Located close to the North Sea, the historic Alnmouth Golf Club is the fourth oldest in England. The current course is routed in two nine-hole loops that were laid out by Harry Colt.

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Alwoodley

2nd Yorkshire - Best in Area 14th England Ranking 37th Britain & Ireland Ranking

The Alwoodley Golf Club is home to one of the finest and most subtle inland courses in the British Isles, located in a secluded spot.

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Barton-on-Sea (Becton & Needles)

10th Hampshire - Best in Area

Founded in 1897, Barton-on-Sea Golf Club now boasts three loops of nine (Becton, Needles and Stroller) and the holes are an amalgam from the drawing boards of the late architects, Harry Colt and J. Hamilton Stutt.

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Bath

2nd Somerset - Best in Area

Set out on a former stone quarry that operated on high ground overlooking the town, Bath Golf Club is blessed with free-draining soil...

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Beaconsfield

6th Buckinghamshire - Best in Area

Harry Colt, perhaps the best golf architect of all time, designed the course at Beaconsfield Golf Club in 1913 and the clubhouse is architecturally special too.

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Belvoir Park

3rd Down - Best in Area 9th Northern Ireland Ranking

With undulating, lush fairways and avenues of trees, Belvoir Park Golf Club is quite rightly regarded as one of the best inland courses in Northern Ireland.

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Bishop's Stortford

24th Hertfordshire - Best in Area

Established in 1910, the gently undulating parkland course at Bishop’s Stortford Golf Club was originally designed by James Braid and later altered by Harry Colt.

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Blackmoor

3rd Hampshire - Best in Area 75th England Ranking

Blackmoor Golf Club is sandwiched between the North and South Downs at the western end of the glorious sand belt, which cuts swathe through Surrey, Berkshire and Hampshire.

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